On Collection at the Edo-Tokyo Museum
- Rickshaws and Stagecoaches Supporting Tokyo’s Development
- The star of urban transportation during the Meiji era was the rickshaw, said to be a symbol of the progress of the era. While there are various theories surrounding its invention, the first people who applied for and received permission to run rickshaws in Tokyo in 1870 were Yosuke Izumi, Tokujiro Suzuki, and Kosuke Takayama. An easy mode of transportation for short distances, the rickshaw exploded soon thereafter, with the number of rickshaws in Tokyo increasing to over 10,000 by 1871. Another mode of transportation thriving at the time was the stagecoach. The Tokyo Horse Tramway Company helped many people move between the main streets of Tokyo, connecting Shimbashi, Ueno, and Asakusa for roughly 20 years from its inception in 1882 up until the conversion to electric trains in 1903.